About 2,550 years ago, the Prophet Daniel recorded extensive prophecies of the major powers that would come to dominate the Middle East and Europe. Over the ensuing centuries, those prophecies have come to pass—in detail.
But there’s something else. Part of Daniel’s astonishing prophecy remains to be fulfilled “at the time of the end.” Comparing what the Bible forecast with history and with current events, you’ll realize that this end-time period is the modern era we now live in!
Daniel states the following end-time prophecy, in chapter 11:
And at the time of the end shall the king of the south push at him: and the king of the northshall come against him like a whirlwind, with chariots, and with horsemen, and with many ships; and he shall enter into the countries, and shall overflow and pass over. He shall enter also into the glorious land, and many countries shall be overthrown: but these shall escape out of his hand, even Edom, and Moab, and the chief of the children of Ammon. He shall stretch forth his hand also upon the countries: and the land of Egypt shall not escape. But he shall have power over the treasures of gold and of silver, and over all the precious things of Egypt: and the Libyans and the Ethiopians shall be at his steps. (verses 40-43)
The two main questions that must be asked about this end-time prophecy are: Who is the king of the north, and who is the king of the south? In short, the modern-day king of the north is the developing German and Vatican-led European superpower. (To prove the identity of this king of the north, request Germany and the Holy Roman Empireand The Holy Roman Empire in Prophecy. These free booklets show you where to look in the Bible, in history and in current events for the modern fulfillment of this power bloc.)
In this piece, we will look at the second question in more detail: Who is the “king of the south”?
This prophecy discusses the location of this “king”: It is a Middle Eastern regional power. It also notes its alliances: The king of the south allies joins forces in some way with Egypt, Libya and Ethiopia—countries all recognizable by the same names today. Daniel 11 also shows the king of the south is aggressive enough to cause another major power to react against it with violence.
This prophesied king of the south is radical Islam, led by Iran!
Watch Jerusalem editor in chief Gerald Flurry first made this connection in 1994, just six years after Iran emerged from its devastating eight-year war with Iraq—a time when few paid any attention to this rogue Islamist nation. But Mr. Flurry based his identification on the Bible, and that perception has been more firmly proven with every passing month.
The prophesied king of the south is a power with a pushy foreign policy; a power that rules an area much of which is south of the Holy Land, and south of the king of the north; a power that allies itself with Egypt, Libya and Ethiopia, and excludes Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Syria and Lebanon.
When you carefully analyze world events and compare them to the prophecies of the end-time that are scattered throughout the Bible, you can piece together the truth about whether there is, in fact, a modern-day king of the south—and who that king is. More and more, it is becoming clear that the king of the south is Iran!
When you understand Iran’s biblical identity, many of the confusing events in the chaotic Middle East become understandable. You can see how Iran is aggressively disrupting any peace and assembling an alliance based on radical religion. You can see how it is challenging the West. You can see how it will ultimately provoke a much more aggressive power to its north. You can see why the Iranians are pushing so hard for nuclear weapons, and you can even see how other Muslim nations that are fearful of Iran are already seeking alliances with European nations.
This is just the beginning of Iran’s role in end-time climactic world events. To understand more about Daniel’s prophecy and about the past, present and immediate future of Iran, read Gerald Flurry’s free booklet The King of the South. Briefly, here are three proofs that help show Iran leads this biblical king of the south.
Iran Is the King of Radical Islam
Since 1994, Iran has dominated headlines and destabilized the Middle East more than any other power. How? By leveraging its influence over violent Islamic extremism.
Iran’s takeover of radical Islam dates to 1979, when Islamists overthrew the shah of Iran and developed the country into the world’s largest state sponsor of terrorism. In the name of Islamic fundamentalism, Iranian leaders have sponsored abductions, assassinations, bombings and other acts of violence against soldiers, police and thousands of civilian men, women and children. They have supported terrorists from Hezbollah, Hamas, Palestinian Islamic Jihad, the Taliban and al Qaeda, as well as Shia militants who attacked American and coalition troops in Iraq thousands of times. Iran also propped up the regime of Bashar Assad in Syria, who has waged a civil war against revolutionaries resulting in the deaths of hundreds of thousands of civilians. Iran has provided money, weapons, training and protection to terrorists and supported uprisings, coups and other violence in Iraq, Egypt, Libya, Ethiopia, Algeria, Afghanistan, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Kenya, Mali, Somalia, Tanzania, Sri Lanka, India, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Germany, Thailand, Malaysia and Argentina.
Iran has achieved its objective of becoming the most belligerent and imperialistic nation in the Middle East. Perhaps the best way to characterize its foreign policy is pushy. And that is exactly how Daniel 11:40 describes the aggression of the king of the south. Iran has appointed itself kingpin of radical Islamism, the mortal enemy of the West, and the head of the terrorist snake. Now it is racing to construct nuclear weapons.
Even an objective look at the map today reveals that no power south of Europe has more potency than radical Islam, led by Iran.
Iran and Its Allies Are Located to the South
The ancient fulfillment of Daniel’s prophecy of the king of the south corresponded to the Ptolemaic Kingdom located in Egypt, south of Jerusalem and the Holy Land. The king of the north was the Seleucid Kingdom located in the territory north and east of the Holy Land. But like many biblical prophecies that have a dual application, much of this prophecy in Daniel applies not only to those ancient fulfillments, but also to a far more important end-timefulfillment.
Today, Iran’s radical Islamist alliance is forming around Iraq, Libya, Yemen, Ethiopia, Egypt and part of Sudan. While some of this territory lies east of the Holy Land, most of it is located to the south. Even the original historic and cultural homeland of the Iranian people, known today as the Fars Province, is located south of Israel, in the lower part of Iran. And more generally speaking, all of these countries lie south of the king of the north, German-led Europe.
Bible Prophecy Eliminates Every Other Possibility
Daniel 11:40 says that the king of the south will direct its terrorist-backed foreign policy against the king of the north, and that the king of the north will mobilize against this southern alliance like a whirlwind and destroy it. Verse 42 indicates that the king of the north will also attack Egypt because it is allied with the king of the south. Therefore, Egypt itself cannot be the king of the south.
Daniel 11:43 shows that the king of the north will also conquer Libya and Ethiopia, because they are allied with the king of the south. So these nations likewise cannot be the king of the south.
But what about the other nations in the Middle East? So far we have not covered other major powers such as Saudi Arabia or Turkey.
The Bible contains another key prophecy that reveals what these powers will do in the latter days, during the same period that the king of the south is pushing against the king of the north.
Psalm 83 describes an end-time alliance that forms to destroy the modern descendants of Israel. Verses 6-7 list several Middle Eastern nations that do not ally with the king of the south, but instead with the European king of the north. Tracing the names of these ancient lands mentioned in Psalm 83 to their modern equivalents, we find that Edom is Turkey, the Ishmaelites are Saudi Arabia, Moab and Ammon are both Jordan, the Hagarenes are located in Syria, and Gebal is Lebanon. No alliance composed of the powers listed in this prophecy has ever existed in history (read more about this further down). So we see that none of these nations can be the king of the south.
All the prophetic evidence points to a radical Islamic, Iranian king of the south rising on the world scene in this end time, exerting a “pushy” foreign policy particularly against the king of the north—a policy that will ultimately end in their ruin and set of a prophetic chain of events leading to World War III and the ultimate coming of the Messiah.